The words today are very simple. We’ve been using the most common English words and translating them into Indonesian for the last few days, but how about the most common Bahasa Indonesia words? According to the website Indonesian101, the top three are: aku, tidak, and yang.
Aku /a·ku/ pron. I, me, mine, I’m. The most commonly used word in Indonesian. It is a proper word, but informal as compared to Saya, which also means ‘I’ and should be used when speaking to employers, teachers, and whomever else you want to show respect.
There is one trick with aku. You may use -ku as a suffix to demonstrate ownership of a noun. Anjingku (my dog), uangku (my money).
aku mau : I want
aku sendiri : me alone
itu kucingku : that’s my cat
beraku : the verb ‘to confess’ (using my word)
mengaku : to claim
mengakui : to acknowledge
keakuan : ego
Tidak /ti·dak/ adv. No or not. A word to express denial. It can be shortened to tak. You may also hear the Javanese nggak or ga throughout Indonesia (most commonly on Java).
kamu tidak boleh : you may not (not allowed)
tidak apa-apa : it’s okay, no problem
tidak harus : not required
menidakkan : to abolish or negate
setidaknya : at least
Yang /yang/ conj, pron. Which, a word that indicates the next part word or phrase explains the previous word. It can mean who, that, ‘that one,’ or ‘this one’ depending on context.
orang yang baik hati : person which has a kind heart (kind-hearted person)
aku mau yang hijau : I want the green one
tamu yang datang : guest that arrived
buku yang kau pinjam dari aku : the book that you borrowed from me
yang mana? : which one?
yang itu : that one